ADHD is one of the most common conditions in childhood. It impacts how kids function in school and in everyday life. ADHD is caused by differences in the development of brain anatomy and wiring.
ADHD isn’t a learning disability, even though it can affect learning. But ADHD often co-occurs with common learning issues like dyslaxa, dyscalculia and dysgraphia. Many kids with ADHD also struggle with mental health issues like anxiety and depression at some point.
There is no blood or imaging tests that can diagnose ADHD. Instead, Occupational Therapist uses a variety of behavioural questionnaire to determine if a child has ADHD.
ADHD is essentially an issue with executive function. Because of that, kids with ADHD often have trouble in:
While many kids with ADHD rush through assignments, others actually work more slowly than other kids. Slow processing speed is common in kids with ADHD. It can make it harder to complete tasks or explain things as quickly as their peers. Also, kids with ADHD can be more likely to have learning differences.
Executive functioning issues and ADHD are closely related. In fact, the symptoms and difficulties of ADHD are problems of executive function. Trouble with attention, self-control, memory and organization are often due to weak executive skills.
Dyslexia occurs in roughly 20 to 40 percent of kids with ADHD. This common learning issue impacts the ability to read. Dyslexia can also interfere with other learning skills like math, spelling and writing.
Dyscalculia and dysgraphia are also common in kids with ADHD (and vice versa). Dyscalculia is a learning disorder that impacts math, while dysgraphia impacts writing.
Slow processing speed isn’t part of ADHD, but it can add to the challenges. Processing speed is like the engine that drives how well kids can use executive functioning skills. So kids with slow processing speed may have a harder time starting tasks & staying focused.
Sensory processing issues can occur in some kids with ADHD. These kids have trouble handling input that comes through the senses. They can get overwhelmed by things like smell, noise, taste and textures.
Auditory processing disorder can look like ADHD. That’s because trouble following directions or talking with people can be signs of both. But while their symptoms may appear to be similar, these two issues are very different.
Nonverbal learning disabilities are learning issues that impact social skills. Kids with ADHD often struggle with social skills, too, and these two issues can co-occur.
Anxiety and depression both commonly occur with ADHD. Kids with ADHD have a greater risk of mental health issues than kids who don’t have ADHD.
Occupational Therapy uses Sensory Integration Therapy, Brain Gym Exercises, Music Therapy, Gross motor, Fine motor activities and Calming Techniques to control maladaptive behaviours. Speech Therapist helps if any speech & language related issues presents in ADHD children.