Parental Education - Rosalin Child Development and Rehabilitation Centre

Facts About Down Syndrome

    • Down syndrome is not an illness or disease (you can’t catch it), it is a genetic condition caused by the presence of an extra 21st chromosome.
    • People don’t have “mild” Down syndrome, or “severe” Down syndrome. Ability is not dependent on the condition, but rather the individual. People either have Down syndrome or they don’t.
    • Contrary to popular belief, people with Down syndrome are not always happy. They experience every emotion you and I do.
    • Children with Down syndrome go through the same stages of development as typical children do. The only difference is children with Down syndrome takes longer time to achieve same developmental milestones.
    • A person’s facial features do not determine cognitive ability. Just because someone has many of the characteristic physical feature of Down syndrome does not mean they have a lower IQ. Just because someone has soft features of Down syndrome does not mean their IQ is higher.
    • You will get what you expect! Just because a child has Down syndrome it does not mean they are unable to be well behaved or follow directions. Kids with Down syndrome are smart, it takes them a few minutes to recognize expectations, and you will be manipulated to the best of their ability.
    • All people with Down syndrome experience cognitive delays, but the effect is usually mild to moderate and is not indicative of the many strengths and talents that each individual possesses.
    • Not all kids/people with Down syndrome are the same. Knowing one person with Down syndrome does not mean that all people with Down syndrome are the same.
    • Many adults with Down syndrome attend college, have jobs, or marry.
    • People don’t “suffer” from Down syndrome. In a study conducted by Brian Skotko, 99% of adults with Down syndrome reported they were happy with their lives.
    • One of the most significant challenges for people with Down syndrome is low muscle tone. Low muscle tone affects speech, gross motor skills, and fine motor skills.
    • Treatment of Down syndrome is based on symptoms of child like if child have delayed development in gross motor, fine motor area, cognition & having sensory issues then Occupational therapy intervention to needs, if child having delayed speech or communication problem then speech therapy intervention needs